By INS Contributors

KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia: On May 7, President Putin signed a decree on the national development goals of Russia until 2030 and for the future until 2036. There are seven of them in total, and each goal is designed to “improve the well-being and quality of life of Russian families,” he noted in his inaugural speech.
Preserving the population, promoting health and improving the well-being of people, supporting families
By 2030, the total fertility rate should increase to 1.6, and by 2036 - to 1.8. Life expectancy will be 78 years by 2030 and 81 years by 2036.
As Alexey Zubets, director of the Institute of Social and Economic Research of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, noted, it is necessary to find tools to motivate Russians to have children. It is also necessary to ensure rapid growth in healthy life expectancy - the number of years that will remain if the time of severe illness is subtracted from its total length.
It is expected that the poverty level will be reduced below 7 percent by 2030 and below 5 percent by 2036, including the poverty level of large families to 12 percent by 2030 and to 8 percent by 2036.
Realization of the potential of each person, development of his talents, education of a patriotic and socially responsible person
By 2030, it is necessary to create conditions for the education of a “patriotic and socially responsible person”, as well as to ensure the promotion and protection of traditional Russian spiritual and moral values in at least 70 percent of state-funded cultural projects (by 2036 - no less than 80 percent).
Also, as part of achieving this goal, by 2030 the number of foreign students in Russian universities should increase to at least 500 thousand people. And at least 10 percent of teachers must undergo developmental programs at the country's leading universities.
Comfortable and safe living environment
By 2030, each resident of the Russian Federation should have at least 33 square meters of total housing area, and by 2036 - 38 sq. m. Last year this figure was 28.8 sq. m.
If the goal is to set a family with three or more children, we need to talk about a new typology of residential development as a target model of spatial development, believes Ilya Ponomarev, an expert at the Public Council under the Ministry of Construction. It is ineffective to build apartments with an area of 150-180 meters, and the cost of such housing in large cities will clearly not be affordable.
According to the expert, the solution lies in the decentralization of city functions, in the creation of regional points of economic growth, the development of individual housing construction, low-rise complexes with a high level of security.
Tasks have also been set to increase the efficiency and quality of municipal infrastructure and the provision of social facilities. The country's spatial development strategy, the development of which is entrusted to the government, is called upon to respond to these challenges.
Environmental well-being
A closed cycle for sorting 100 percent of solid municipal waste should be created by 2030. Moreover, 25 percent of such waste should be used as secondary raw materials. By the end of 2030, at least 50 hazardous sites with accumulated environmental damage must be eliminated. And by 2036, it is planned to halve emissions of hazardous pollutants and halve the volume of untreated wastewater.
Sustainable and dynamic economy
By 2030, Russia should reach fourth place in terms of GDP growth. And the share of imports of goods and services in the structure of GDP should decrease to 17 percent. The income of the population and the level of pension provision must be no lower than inflation. The gap in the levels of budgetary security between the 10 most affluent and 10 least affluent subjects should be reduced to no more than two times.
The volume of agricultural production by 2030 should increase by no less than 25 percent, and exports by no less than 1.5 times compared to 2021. The use of new technologies and modern equipment will increase labor productivity and the quality of agricultural products.
According to Vladimir Kashin, Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Agrarian Issues, there are now clearly gaps in some areas. Thus, the program designed to attract personnel to rural areas is underfunded by 700 billion rubles, and the program to involve land in agricultural circulation is underfunded by 80.5 billion rubles. Without solving these problems, fulfilling the president's task will be problematic.
By 2030, an effective system of training, professional retraining and advanced training of personnel should also be created for priority sectors of the economy based on the forecast of demand for them. First of all, this concerns those industries that are responsible for the formation of the country’s technological and economic sovereignty, says Pavel Seleznev, Dean of the Faculty of International Economic Relations of the Financial University under the Government of Russia. These are the military-industrial complex, biology and medicine, the space industry, and mining.
Technology leadership
The presidential decree outlines the tasks of technological development - ensuring network sovereignty and information security on the Internet. As explained by the deputy head of the State Duma Committee on Information Policy, head of ROCIT Anton Gorelkin, a secure and self-sufficient Runet is becoming a priority national goal. “This is a serious task, because not all its segments have ensured the priority of Russian platforms. If, for example, the most popular online cinemas and marketplaces are ours, then in the search and social media segments the struggle for Russian users (and respect for their rights) is still in full swing.” , - noted Gorelkin.
Digital transformation of state and municipal government, economy and social sphere
By 2030, “digital maturity” of state and municipal government must be achieved. This goal also includes the introduction of artificial intelligence technologies. At least 80 percent of Russian companies must switch to domestic software, government agencies - up to 95 percent, while 99 percent of government services must be available in electronic form.